According to the Geographic Survey, global warming is nothing but one of the effects of climatic change. However, climate change technically refers to the changing shifts in the global temperature patterns over a considerable period of time, inclusive of precipitation, temperature, and wind patterns. Nowadays, climatic changes are considered as one of the most severe issues that need to be discussed, reacted to, and adjusted immediately. Climatic changes result mainly from greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, and they are absorbed into the Earth’s surface through the atmosphere. These substances act as primary warming agents.
Since the beginning of industrialization, the Earth has warmed up significantly, with the top part of the Earth experiencing more significant climate changes than the bottom. This has been attributed to the ever-increasing levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases. The rapid rate of global warming is attributed mainly to human activities, including burning fossil fuels for energy generation, industrial production of cement, wood, drapes, vehicles, pesticides, and other pollutants, such as cigarette smoke, which act as the radiators of warming.
Scientists have been warning for quite some time about the alarming consequences of global warming. Among these consequences are extreme weather conditions, drought, famine, animal species extinction, and ecosystems disruption. Although these consequences may not occur instantly, scientists believe that it will eventually happen due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In order to arrest the alarming rate of global warming, scientists have been working on creating better global temperature control methods.
As a result of global warming, some types of ecosystems are being destroyed. One of the most affected ecosystems is the ecosystem considered to be “natural balance” in the climate system. The natural equilibrium refers to those ecosystems that exist without human intervention. According to ecologists, this kind of ecosystem should be preserved since these are the only systems that can control climate. Since the rate of global warming has been uncontrollable, the natural balance is slowly being destroyed.
Another result of global warming is increasing global sea levels. Sea level rise is among the effects of global warming that have been noticed. Rising sea levels cause land elevations, which in turn impact climate. Rapid climate changes also pose a threat to wildlife species, which include people, since they cannot migrate as quickly as they can live in more stable climates. As species struggle for existence in new environments, there is a greater risk of extinction of some of these species.
One of the effects of global warming is the changes in global surface temperatures. As global warming causes the Earth to warm, the Earth’s average surface temperatures become higher than usual. The warmer temperatures cause the Earth to release more heat into the atmosphere. That, in turn, triggers the release of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, further accelerating global warming.
A number of models predict that the Earth may hit a point of “inaction” during the next century. If the Earth’s average surface temperature continues to rise at the rate it is, the Earth’s ecosystems could be devastated, including its forests, animals, and human populations. Models predict that the poles will be uninhabitable, and most ocean species could disappear. Furthermore, global warming has affected the world’s weather. Rainy days and harsh winters have been seen in countries with high levels of carbon dioxide emissions, threatening their very existence.
Global warming has also threatened the food supply. Because of global warming, farmers have grown to love the land more and are planting less land. Also, warming causes increased soil salinity and soil erosion. As a result, water levels in lakes and rivers are rising, affecting the lives of millions of people who depend on those sources for their livelihoods.